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Case Study: Upwelling - Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

Lesson Plan 

Students correlate sardine populations changes with upwelling events using mathematical model output and wind and water circulation data from the Monterey Bay.

Concept: Mathematical models
Mathematical models are an essential tool for understanding ocean sciences.

National Science Education Standards
(click a standard to show activities that meet it)

K-12 Unifying Concepts and Processes
Evidence, models, and explanation
Constance, change, and measurement

9-12 A Science as Inquiry
Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
Understandings about scientific inquiry

9-12 B Physical Science
Motions and forces

9-12 C Life Science
Behavior of organisms

9-12 D Earth and Space Science
Energy in the earth system
Origin and evolution of the earth system

9-12 E Science and Technology
Understandings about science and technology

Ocean Literacy Essential Principles (PDF booklet): 7. The ocean is largely unexplored (concept e)

Life on an Ocean Planet text reference (book link): Chapter 11. Highways to the Sea 11:17-20